Enterovirus (EV) is the most common cause of aseptic meningitis and has a benign course, unlike EV encephalitis, which can result in long-term neurological sequelae. There are no active treatments or prophylactic agents, and management is purely supportive. Obtaining an EV-positive cerebrospinal fluid result usually allows antimicrobial treatment to be stopped. This review will answer some of the common questions surrounding EV meningitis/encephalitis.
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Contributors SBD conceived the article. SBD wrote the original draft. SBD and DFK reviewed and redrafted it and approved the final version.
Competing interests DFK has received financial assistance from vaccine manufacturers to attend conferences and receives salary support from the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.