Table 1

Description of patient baseline characteristics

Cycle 1 (Sep 2019 to Aug 2021)Cycle 2 (Mar 2022 to Feb 2023)Cycle 3 (Mar 2023 to Oct 2023)
Median gestational age at birth, weeks (range)26+5 (23+3–40+4)26+3 (22+6–40+6)25+2 (23+2–39+0)
Median gestational age at the time of UE, weeks (range)28+0 (24+2–40+6)28+4 (22+6–40+0)26+1 (25+2–39+5)
No. of intubated babies366
(15.2 per month)
138
(11.5 per month)
86
(10.7 per month)
Unplanned extubations (UEs)49 (13.4%)33 (23.9%)9 (10%)
Total ventilation days2403 (100 per month)1034 (86 per month)525 (66 per month)
UE per 100 intubated days23.191.75
Reintubation needed32 (65%)18 (54.5%)7 (78%)
Non-invasive support (BiPAP/CPAP/high flow)15 (30.6%)12 (36.3%)2 (22%)
Self-ventilating in air/low flow oxygen2 (4.1%)3 (9.1%)0
  • BiPAP, bilevel positive airway pressure; CPAP, continous positive airway pressure.