Table 1

Journal club on digital platforms

  • Have the potential to disseminate best practice more widely

  • Participants can join more than one journal club (JC), for example, a digital, specialty-specific JC

  • Can spark national or international connections and collaborations

  • Provides opportunities to invite international experts to participate32

  • Potential participants who are geographically isolated can join an online community of practice at a place of their choosing

  • Allows flexible engagement outside of a strict schedule that may promote attendance among busy, for example, shift working, learners11

  • Provides an opportunity for JC engagement for those not usually involved in academic medicine

  • May favour those who are more comfortable with digital technology, for example, potentially lead to less oversight from more expert senior member (unchecked inaccurate posts)

  • Limited (eg, 280-character Tweets) may not be enough to express critical viewpoint21

  • Real-time journal clubs may be too ‘rapid fire’ and difficult to follow

  • Asynchronous discussion may lose momentum or pose a logistic problem (eg, participation across time zones)

  • Joining an online community as a newcomer may prove daunting for some

  • Hierarchical boundaries may still exist, for example, senior clinicians may still contribute disproportionately to discussions29

  • Potentially susceptible to undisclosed conflicts of interest or commercial influences