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Design: An international, multicentre, randomised controlled trial.
Aim: Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of immediate initiation of continuous kangaroo care following delivery in low-birthweight infants.
Setting: Five tertiary hospitals in Ghana, India, Malawi, Nigeria and Tanzania.
Patients: Infants with a birth weight between 1.0 kg and 1.799 kg, regardless of gestational age.
Allocation: Randomisation performed via computer-generated blocks.
Blinding: Unblinded due to the nature of the intervention.
Intervention: Immediate kangaroo mother care (KMC) care following delivery: continuous skin-to-skin started immediately following delivery before infant stabilisation; n=1609 infants.
Control: Conventional KMC: intermittent, brief skin-to-skin once infant at least 24 hours old after …
Review of article World Health Organization (WHO) Immediate Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) Study Group. Immediate “Kangaroo Mother Care” and Survival of Infants with Low Birth Weight. N Engl J Med 2021;384:2028–38
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.