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Review of: Gerçeker GÖ, Ayar D, Özdemir EZ, et al. Effects of virtual reality on pain, fear and anxiety during blood draw in children aged 5–12 years old: a randomised controlled study. J Clin Nurs 2020;29:1151–61.
Study question: What is the effect of two different virtual reality modalities on venepuncture-related pain, fear and anxiety levels in children during blood sample collection?
Setting: Specialist hospital venepuncture clinic in Izmir, Turkey.
Patients: 136 patients aged 5–12 years.
Design: Prospective randomised controlled trial (RCT).
Randomisation: Random allocation to one of two virtual reality (VR) themes or usual care control in 1:1:1 ratio. Randomised into blocks according to gender and age using a computer-generated number table.
Blinding: Unblinded (blinding not possible due to nature of intervention). Research nurse blinded to VR theme in intervention groups.
Intervention: VR video watched on clinic mobile phone with …
Contributors Abstracted and commentary by ELW.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
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