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How to interpret symptoms, signs and investigations of dehydration in children with gastroenteritis
  1. Antonio Prisco,
  2. Daniela Capalbo,
  3. Stefano Guarino,
  4. Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice,
  5. Pierluigi Marzuillo
  1. Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Napoli, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Pierluigi Marzuillo, Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples 80138, Italy; pierluigi.marzuillo{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Dehydration is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Infants and young children are vulnerable to dehydration, and clinical assessment plays a pivotal role in their care. In addition, laboratory investigations can, in some children, be helpful when assessing the severity of dehydration and for guiding rehydration treatment. In this interpretation, we review the current literature and provide an evidence-based approach to recognising and managing dehydration in children.

  • general paediatrics
  • medical education
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Footnotes

  • Contributors AP, DC, SG, EMdG and PM equally contributed to the literature revision, manuscript draft and manuscript critical revision.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work

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