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Fifteen-minute consultation: obvious and not-so-obvious mediastinal masses
  1. Katherine Green,
  2. Sam Behjati,
  3. Danny Cheng
  1. Paediatric Haematology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Katherine Green, Paediatric Haematology, Great Ormond Street Hospital For Children NHS Foundation Trust, London WC1N 3JH, UK; Katherine.green8{at}


Objectives To present a structured approach to the management of a child with a mediastinal mass presenting to the emergency department. To raise awareness of presenting features of less-obvious mediastinal masses and to encourage consideration of mediastinal masses in differential diagnoses.

Methods Review of the relevant literature and review of London Paediatric Cancer Network supportive guidelines and subsequent description of the approach to a child presenting with features suggestive of a mediastinal mass.

Conclusions A systematic approach to history taking, clinical examination and investigation of a child presenting with a mediastinal mass will assist in the safe and timely management of children presenting when they are critically unwell. Anticipation of potential management complications and early transfer for ongoing management will improve patient outcomes and minimise morbidity.

  • paediatric
  • mediastinal mass
  • oncology
  • emergency

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  • Contributors KG has been the main author of this paper. DC and SB have edited and approved it.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.