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Design: A retrospective cohort study.1
Setting: The children of US service personnel identified from the TRICARE Management Activity database. This database holds information on the billing records for inpatient care, outpatient care and outpatient pharmacy use of military personnel.
Patients: 792 130 infants were recruited within the first 35 days of life, between 2001 and 2013. They were excluded if they were diagnosed with an allergic condition in the first 6 months of life, or if they had a neonatal stay of more than 7 days.
Exposure factor: Children prescribed a histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA), proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or antibiotic within …
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