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Diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease in children

Abstract

Lyme disease is a zoonotic infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato which is transmitted to humans mainly by tick bites. The global incidence of Lyme disease is rising, and children are more frequently affected. The disease can manifest in various organs causing non-specific symptoms. The lack of sensitive and specific diagnostic tests makes the management of Lyme disease challenging. This article offers up-to-date clinical algorithms for the management of children with suspected or diagnosed Lyme disease.

  • Infectious Disease Medicine
  • Microbiology
  • Neurology
  • Paediatrics

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