Burn injuries are a common presentation to the paediatric emergency department (PED) and are painful, distressing and may have long-term sequelae. In adhering to the first aid principles of burns management, we aim to alleviate pain, prevent bacterial contamination and minimise the extent of injury. First aid involves cooling the burn and covering with an appropriate material while simultaneously providing analgesia. Assessing the severity (depth and total body surface area) of the burn are important for prognostication with implications for management. It is imperative to consider non-accidental injury in burns, which be present in 10% of cases .
- paediatric emergency medicine
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Contributors SM developed the concept for the article and contributed to writing and review. PM contributed to writing, added case discussion and adding tables and figures. GH contributed to writing. CL contributed to review of article.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.