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Guideline review NICE Clinical Knowledge Summary: balanitis in children
  1. Assim Ali Javaid1,
  2. Kate Powell2,
  3. Karim Awad3
  1. 1 Noah's Ark Children's Hospital, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK
  2. 2 School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
  3. 3 Surgical Department, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Assim Ali Javaid, Department of Population Health, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XW, UK; Assimjavaid{at}

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Balanitis is an inflammatory condition typically affecting the glans penis but is commonly associated with inflammation of the foreskin and is consequentially known as ‘balanoposthitis’. It is an illustrative term of which there are numerous causes and risk factors. Among young men, up to 6% are shown to suffer from balanitis.1 Prevalence is higher in uncircumcised men2 due to the accumulation of microorganisms, secretions and epithelial debris between the penis and foreskin.3 In October 2018, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) produced a Clinical Knowledge Summary (CKS) of current evidence. This review will focus on the aspects of the CKS that relate to the paediatric population.4 In NICE CKS, there is little …

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  • Twitter @assimjavaid

  • Contributors AAJ was the lead author who wrote the guideline summaries. KP wrote the introduction and proofread the paper. KA oversaw the paper and final proofread it.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.