The deterioration of a previously stable preterm infant is a common scenario on the neonatal unit. The the most common bacterial causes of deterioration are nosocomial infections, such as coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and Staphylococcus aureus. Non-infective conditions such as pulmonary haemorrhage, anaemia of prematurity and necrotising enterocolitis may also cause preterm infants to deteriorate. This case chronicles the unusual diagnostic journey of an infant born at 27+1 weeks who deteriorated at 26 days of life and did not respond to antimicrobial therapy as anticipated.
- infectious diseases
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Contributors DRO performed the literature review and wrote the article. CMM provided details of the case report. CPT and KNB contributed portions of the article. KW, CEJ, SNF and SVP clinically managed the patient and provided comments on the manuscript. SVP acts as guarantor of the content.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.