Iron studies are frequently requested in paediatric practice. They are useful both as a diagnostic tool and as a way of monitoring certain conditions, particularly those causing iron overload. This article outlines the physiology of iron metabolism and discusses laboratory aspects of performing iron studies, including factors influencing interpretation. Clinical scenarios are used to highlight how the tests can be used in different clinical situations.
- iron deficiency
- iron overload
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Contributors MH, BM, MF and CL wrote the first draft. This was reviewed by the other authors. All authors agreed on the final manuscript prior to submission.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Not required.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.