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Design: Single-centre, open-label, two parallel-arm phase 3 randomised comparative study.1
Allocation: All consecutive eligible patients were randomly allocated to receive either rituximab or tacrolimus along with alternate-day prednisolone over a 12-month period.
Blinding: Blinding was not undertaken.
Setting: Patients were recruited from a single centre in Sealdah, Kolkata, India.
Patients: All patients aged 3–16 years with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) attending the study centre with estimated glomerular filtration rate >80 mL/min/1.73 m2. The participants were in remission with no proteinuria and no previous exposure to a corticosteroid sparing agent, and a secondary form of nephrotic syndrome and active infection had been excluded. All participants had a kidney biopsy 3 months prior to enrolment.
Intervention: Following randomisation, children received either oral tacrolimus for 12 months or a course of rituximab infusions:
Tacrolimus: 0.2 mg/kg/day (target trough levels of 5–7 ng/mL).
Rituximab: Two to …
Contributors NS and ADL coauthored the abstract and commentary.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Not required.