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Design: Randomised controlled trial.
Allocation: Randomised manually with stratification for gestational age.
Setting: A tertiary paediatric centre in New South Wales, Australia.
Patients: Infants presenting to the emergency department or paediatric ward with a diagnosis of moderately severe bronchiolitis who required oxygen therapy.
Intervention: Initial treatment with standard low flow or high flow (1 L/kg/min up to a maximum of 20 L/min), warm humidified oxygen.
Outcomes: Primary outcome was time to weaning off oxygen. Secondary outcomes were 24 hours event-free survival (ie, without treatment failure), proportion of serious events, transfer to ICU, length of stay and acceptability of treatment.
Follow-up period: 30 days post discharge.
The results …
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.