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Design: Randomised controlled trial.
Allocation: Computer generated block design.
Setting: Thirty-five paediatric intensive care unit (ICU) centres.
Patients: Three hundred and sixty patients (median age 5.5 years, IQR 1.4–12.5 years) in the lower target group; 353 patients (median age 6.7 years, IQR 1.7–12.8 years) in the higher target group.
Intervention: Randomisation to low target glycaemic control group (80–110 mg/dL (4.4–6.1 mmol/L)) or higher target glycaemic control group (150–180 mg/dL (8.3–10 mmol/L).
Outcomes: Primary outcome: number of ICU-free days to day 28. Prespecified secondary outcomes: 90-day mortality, severity of organ dysfunction, the number of ventilator-free days to day 28, incidence of healthcare-associated infection and incidence of hypoglycaemia.
Patient follow-up: Patients were followed up for 90 days. Recruitment stopped at …
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