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Consumption of artificial sweeteners in pregnancy increased overweight risk in infants

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DESIGN

Cohort study of mother–infant dyads.

STUDY QUESTION

Setting: Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development Study. A population-based study with four contributing sites.

Patients: Mothers of singleton pregnancies and their 1-year-old infants.

Exposure: Maternal artificial and sugar-sweetened beverage intake from questionnaire, classified according to the number of servings per day/week/month.

Outcomes: Primary outcome was infant body mass index (BMI) z-score at 1 year of age. Secondary outcome was the risk of being overweight (BMI z-score >97th centile) at 1 year of age.

Follow-up period: Women recruited over 5 years (2009–2013). Infant BMI was calculated at 1 year of age.

Patient follow-up: 3033 mother–infant dyads were recruited. 2682 completed follow-up of BMI and 2413 …

Correspondence to Dr Sarveshni Naidoo, Department of Paediatrics, Wishaw General Hospital, 50 Netherton Street, Wishaw, Scotland ML2 0DP, UK; sarveshni{at}doctors.org.uk

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