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How to use: nutritional assessment in neonates
  1. Mark J Johnson1,2,
  2. Anthony E Wiskin1,3,
  3. Freya Pearson2,
  4. R Mark Beattie4,
  5. Alison A Leaf1,2
  1. 1National Institute for Health Research, Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  2. 2Department of Neonatal Medicine, Princess Anne Hospital, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK
  3. 3Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire, UK
  4. 4Paediatric Medical Unit, Southampton General Hospital, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mark J Johnson, National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Mailpoint 113, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton, Hants SO16 6YD, UK; m.johnson{at}soton.ac.uk

Abstract

Adequate nutrition and growth during the neonatal period are important, especially for preterm infants, for whom there is evidence of poor nutrient intakes and growth, and this has important implications for their health in later life. Increased nutritional support while on the neonatal intensive care unit has been shown to improve growth, but such support is not universally available. Being able to carry out and interpret a nutritional assessment is therefore an important skill for paediatricians caring for neonates. This article aims to explain how to use nutritional assessment in neonates and provides some tools to make this process as straightforward as possible.

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