Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare condition where intracranial hypertension is found in the context of normal brain parenchyma and no mass lesion, ventriculomegaly, underlying infection, or malignancy. Our understanding of this condition has greatly improved in the recent years with neuroimaging features and normal values for lumbar puncture opening pressure now well defined. This article provides a review of IIH in children and revised diagnostic criteria based on recent evidence and published opinion. We have also presented an algorithmic approach to the child with possible IIH.
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